Magpie (Robert Thompson)

About Moths


Moths are overlooked and misunderstood. Most people love butterflies, but many of us know less about moths and often don't appreciate them. This website will change that, by explaining what moths are, exploding some negative myths and showing you that they are beautiful and surprising... even amazing!

Cinnabar (Mark Parsons)Did you realise that some moths are more colourful than butterflies? Compare the Cinnabar moth and Meadow Brown butterfly on this page. Both are seen flying around sunny meadows, but people may assume the Cinnabar is a butterfly. In fact there are more types of day-flying moths than there are butterflies! And of course there are even more at night.

Meadow Brown (Jim Asher)There are an astonishing 2,500 species of moths in Britain. Most live here all year, but some visit on migration. Moths come in a huge variety of sizes, colours and shapes. Your own garden is likely have over a hundred types. Our moth gallery can help you identify many common moths you may find. Some of them have wonderful names.

Moths have important roles in the wildlife ecosystem. They pollinate flowers and are vital food for many other animals (and have evolved brilliant camouflage to hide from them). Many garden birds need moth caterpillars for their young. Each brood of Blue Tit chicks will eat about 15,000!

Moths are also useful to us, giving vital information about our own environment, especially climate change. But now moths are in decline and need our help. There are many ways you can help with conservation efforts, including moth-friendly gardening.

Find out more about moths using the links on the left.